Root canal treatment is a common procedure, but it isn't often explained well by dentists. Many dentists perform root canal treatment even though it is not necessary.
What is a root canal?
A root canal is a channel of soft tissue running from the tooth's surface to the root. Both root stems have a root canal. The canal is where the main nerve tissue in the tooth is found.
What is the reason for treatment?
Root canals surgery are usually performed when there is some degree of decay or infection. The canals are completely cleaned and the soft tissue is replaced with artificial cement.
What happens during root canal treatment?
An anesthetic will be required because the canal soft tissue contains nerve tissue. It is usually a local anesthetic to numb the area around the tooth. After the anesthetic has absorbed, the dentist will drill through the tooth to remove any decaying or infected tissues. The dentist will use a manual tool to extract any soft tissue that is not in the root stem where the canal narrows.
The dentist will take an x-ray of the tooth to ensure there are no air pockets. The dentist will need to remove any cement from the canal and fill it with new cement if an air pocket is discovered. This step may need to be repeated multiple times.